Stephen Baird - Street Performer
Artist + Advocate + Administrator
COMMUNITY ARTS ADVOCATES, INC.
PO Box 300112, Jamaica Plain, MA 02130-0030
Web site: www.CommunityArtsAdvocates.org
Guitar, Hammered Dulcimer, Appalachian Mountain Dulcimer
Hammered Dulcimer :
The hammered dulcimer has many names around the world: Santour (Iran, Iraq, Turkey), Santoor (India), Sandouri (Greece), Yang Qin (China), Yanggum (Korea), Khim (Thailand, Laos, Cambodia) Cimbalom or Cymbalum (Hungary), Cimbal (Slovakia, Romania), Tsymbaly (Russia, Ukraine, Belarus), Salterio (Spain) Hackbrett (Germany, Austria) Tsimbl (Klezmer and Jewish), Qanun (Egypt) and Kanoun (Turkey). The majority are strucked with wooden mallets or hammers, but a few are plucked. Most likely it was first developed in Persia in the first century. It is mentioned in the English translations of the Bible in the Book of Daniel 3:5. The piano is essentially an automated "keyed" hammered dulcimer. Dulcimer is a Latin and Greek word for "sweet tune."
In America it was popular in the lumber camps of Maine and Michigan where it was nicknamed the "Lumberjack Piano." In the Southern states it was nicknamed the "Whamdiddle."
For detailed history and background of the instrument visit these sites
http://www.si.edu/resource/faq/nmah/hdhist.htm Smithsonian Institution --Hammer Dulcimer: History and Playing by Sam Rizzetta. Also has page on how to build a hammered dulcimer at http://www.si.edu/resource/faq/nmah/hdmake.htm Internet site on history: http://www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Hammered_dulcimer Another site with historical information: http://www.dulcimersessions.com/dec03/history.html
http://www.santoor.com/hammereddulcimer.html Pandit Shivkumar Sharma, India Santoor web site has extensive history of the instrument with sound clips from around the world. Be sure to visit the home page http://www.santoor.com/ For a sample sound clip of the Qanun visit the UCLA Department of Ethnomusicology http://www.ethnomusic.ucla.edu/ensembles/worldmusic/neareast/Qanun.htm National Geographic site on Thailand Khim: http://www.novica.com/itemdetail/index.cfm?pid=72511 Sound sample of khim: http://www.sriwittayapaknam.ac.th/multimedia/s_khim.html
Thailand Khim by Jeerasak Iverse
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yangqin Yang quin Yangqin or Yang ch'in See Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, for detailed page on the Chinese version of the hammered dulcimer.
http://www.rtpnet.org/~hdweb/ The hammered dulcimer web site by Jon Weinberg with history, links, recordings, teachers, etc. Be sure to visit his web site at: http://www.jonweinberg.com
For lessons in the Boston area I recommend David Neiman (Also has great recordings), 32 Essex Street, Cambridge, MA 02139 Tel: 617-938-8325 Email: email@example.com Web site: http://www.dulcimusic.com
The dulcimer teachers of Mel Bay publications post an internet newsletter with introductory lessons, sound clips and luthiers instrument makers profiles at: http://www.dulcimersessions.com
Andy's Front Hall, PO Box 307, Wormer Rd., Voorheesville, NY 12186 ZTel: 518-765-4193 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: http://www.andysfronthall.com/ Has dulcimer, recordings, hammers, and supplies. Bill Spense was one of the people who helped revitalize interest in the hammered dulcimer.
In late April or early May each spring, since 1981, Lorraine Hammond produces a Dulcimer Festival now called the Muddy River Dulcimer Festival. Includes concerts, workshops, instrument makers vendors for both the hammered dulcimer and mountain dulcimer. Visit the festival web site at http://www.dulcimerfestival.org/
Boston Chinese Dulcimer Ensemble (yang gin) directed by Professor Zentian Zang at the Boston Arts Festival and New England Conservatory. web site:http://www.geocities.com/chinesedulcimer/index.html Email: email@example.com). Photos: Stephen Baird
Appalachian Mountain Dulcimer:
Appalachian Mountain Dulcimer is also know as the fretted or lap dulcimer. It was developed in the Appalachian Mountains of Kentucky, Virginia and the Carolinas. Jean Ritchie is the national folklife artist of record for traditional Appalachian music. See her web site at http://www.jeanritchie.com/
Lorraine Hammond is New England's authority and "God Mother" of Mountain Dulcimers. She teachers classes at the Cambridge Center for Adult Education see http://www.ccae.org/ also presents concerts and workshops throughout the world as well as published teaching books, cds and videos -- see her site for details at http://www.greatacoustics.org/ or email Lorraine at firstname.lastname@example.org
Jeremy Seeger is a fine maker of Mountain Dulcimers. PO Box 193, Rochester, VT 05767; 802-767-3790 http://www.jeremyseeger.com/
The web sites on hammered dulcimer above include information on the Appalachian Mountain Dulcimer.
For a PDF printable version of this information click HERE
Copyright 1972-2019 by Stephen Baird